Chemistry Facts & Trivia

Liquid metals Bromine (Br), Mercury (Hg), Caesium (Cs), Rubidium (Rb), Francium (Fr) and Gallium (Ga) are the only 6 elements that are liquid at around room temperature. Submitted by: Lester Matias
Ocean salt The oceans contain enough salt to cover the entire land surface with 180 m thick layer. Submitted by: Marwan Omar - Philippines
Phosphorus Phosphorus is the first element to be discovered that was not already known since Submitted by: Aaryan Sekh
Sea water ice Ice made from sea water is salt-free. Submitted by: Gopal
Silicon The most common element in the Earth's crust is Silicon (after Oxygen). Submitted by: Chandan GK - Bangalore, India
Seawater gold There is about 13 billionth of a gram of gold in each litre of sea water. Submitted by: Gopal G - Ropar, India
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Hottest Chilli Pepper The hottest chilli pepper in the world is the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (1.2 million Scoville Heat Units.) Submitted by: Mel Joseph - Cabuyao, Laguna, Philippines
Copper Copper is the only metal that is naturally Submitted by: Zenry - Philippines
DNA DNA is flame retardant (does not catch fire.) Submitted by: Kevie - Calgary, Canada
Osmium Osmium is the densest known stable element on Earth. Submitted by: Brian - United States
Ununoctium The heaviest element found so far is Ununoctium (Uuo) with atomic number 118. Submitted by: Rishabh Bisht - Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Noble metals The eight 'Noble metals' — ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum and gold — do not rust. Submitted by: Richard
Ammonium dichromate volcano Tabletop "volcanoes" can be created using 'Vesuvian Fire' compound Ammonium Submitted by: Emily (Awesome) - Helena, Montana, United States
graphene Just one atomic layer thick, the 'miracle material' Graphene is a better conductor of electricity and heat than any material. Submitted by: Vera - Sydney, Australia
diamond Graphite can be transformed into diamond by applying a temperature of 3000°C and pressure of 100,000 atm. Submitted by: Hyde - Toronto, Ontario, Canada
bose-einstein condesnate superfluid The coldest state of matter — Bose-Einstein Condensate superfluid — defies gravity and instead of flowing down, it flows upward. Submitted by: Moi - Toronto, Ontario, Canada
californium The element Californium is often called the most expensive substance in the world (as much as $68 million for one gram.) Submitted by: Major Problem
aluminium Aluminium is the most common metal in the Earth's crust (8 percent of its weight.) Submitted by: Moi - Toronto, Ontario, Canada
helium Unlike any other element, helium does not solidify. Submitted by: Abhi - India
water freezing Hot water freezes faster than cold water (the Mpemba effect.) Submitted by: Moi - Toronto, Ontario, Canada